“Reflection of American Democracy in Pop Art”
...The aim of this paper is to show that Pop Art was one cultural expression of this American "democratic ethos" (Kroes,p.46). It will further discuss in how far Pop Art as part of American culture had an influence on Europe and if the fears and criticisms by European intellectuals of being 'Americanized' are justified. Regarding the former aspect of Pop Art being a 'democratic art', it seems necessary to first single out the basic features that make art democratic and then to analyze the impact of a democratic character on art itself. Just as the political form of democracy is described by Heywood (2002) as 'government of, for and by the people' (p.76), one could describe the cultural dimension of democracy, as aspired by pop art, as 'art of, for and by the people'. Thus, one could claim that in order to fulfill these criteria, Pop Art had to abandon certain features of traditional art and create new ones instead...
Italian Renaissance from the Perspective of Art and Reason
...It wasn't long before the Italian Renaissance surpassed a mere revival of antiquity and developed past ideals to suit modern standards. Reason enabled the emergence of some of the most important discoveries in history: Philosophy moved away from its previous formal methods of thought. Science had disoveries of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler and Newton. Art had the revival of classical architecture and development of new painting styles. However, ultimately reason can also be held responsible for the reformation under Martin Luther, marking the end of the Renaissance. Renaissance values embraced the rise of the individual, scientific enquiry and diminishment of church and feudal systems of the middle Ages. The concept of reason was central to renaissance values and the rise of Art, as it was responsible for the 'rebirth' of the individual in society. The most important achievement of art in renaissance Italy was the materialization of the artist as a 'creator', often famous for their work as opposed to an anonymous craftsman. This encouraged the development of their own styles - Leonardo tried many!..
Digital Media: Ethical Issues Arising
...As indicated by the Ethical and Legal Issues in Selling chapter of the Professional Selling textbook, there are nine questions that should be asked in making an ethical decision (Weitz 2004). The first question is, “Would I be embarrassed if a customer found out about this behavior?” Second, “Would my Supervisor disapprove of this behavior?” Third, “Would most employees find it unusual?” Fourth, “Am I about to do this because I think I can get away with it?” Fifth, “Would I be upset if someone did this to me.” Sixth, “Would my family or friends think less of me if I told them about engaging in this activity?” Seventh, “Am I concerned about the possible consequences of this behavior?” Eighth, Would I be upset if this activity made the front page of the newspaper?” Ninth, “Would society be worse off if everyone engaged in this behavior or activity (Weitz, 2004)?”...
It is believed that we now live in the Age of Knowledge
...Knowledge is the full utilization of information and data, together with the potential of people’s skills, competencies, ideas, intuitions, commitments and motivations. To understand that information is not the same as knowledge, these different terms must first be defined. Data is simply the representation of facts, and as such forms the basis for intelligent actions. Information is data in context, the meaning of data. Knowledge is the awareness and understanding of facts, truths or information gained in the form of experience or learning. Finally, knowledge begets wisdom and wisdom only comes about when knowledge is assimilated and internalized, when it changes existing behavior patterns and makes things better. Karl M. Wiig provides us with the following definition of Knowledge: knowledge – the insights, understandings, and practical know-how that we all posses – is the fundamental resource that allows us to function intelligently. Over time, considerable knowledge is also transformed to other manifestations – such as books, technology, practices, and traditions – within organizations of all kinds and society in general. Knowledge is one, if not THE, principal factor that makes personal, organizational, and social intelligent behavior possible...
Henri Cartier-Bresson’s photo masterpiece
...The photograph I have chosen to evaluate of Cartier-Bresson is a 1964 portrait of Coco Chanel, from the 'TÄ›te Äƒ TÄ›te' collection. I was particularly drawn to this photograph not only because of the fact it was Coco Chanel, but the way in which she is photographed. As I know from some background information on Coco Chanel, her life due to the popularity of her clothes range and other cosmetic brands she was a much photographed woman. Looking at photographs in archives from newspapers and information channels she always looks positioned and 'set' for the photograph to be taken. But in this photograph by Cartier-Bresson she looks natural and happy in her surroundings. The theme of the photograph shows the richness of her life, with the bookshelves filled, the extravagant mirror, leather seats and the whole setting of the scene. But it also shows a part of Coco Chanel that was very rarely seen. Dressed in fine clothes and wearing pearls with a beaming smile shows that she is comfortable with where she is. It is a caught moment, it looks like she is laughing at a joke or someone's comedy and Cartier-Bresson has caught that moment without her realizing...