Blood as one of the most helpful keys in the crime scene
...Blood is a very complex substance of the human body that often helps crime investigators to find the offender or any other clues connected with the crime. Let us investigate in more detail what blood consists of, how it is identified and distinguished. One of the major qualities of blood used by criminal investigators is the ability to clot. Clotting is a helpful key to crime scene investigations as it can from an estimate guide to how much time has passed since the blood has left the body. Blood will start to clot between 3-15 minutes after it has left the body, but this can be affected by haemophilia, leukaemia and various medications. When the blood starts to clot it turns into a dark, shiny, jelly-like mass and after sometime it will start to contract and separate from the serum...
A critical examination of the British Crime Survey
...The primary purpose of the British Crime Survey is to estimate how many of the public in England and Wales are victims of selected types of crime over a year, describing the circumstances under which people become victims, and the consequences of crime for victims. Other aims include providing background information on fear of crime among the public and on public contact with the police. Respondents are asked a series of screening questions to establish whether they or their households had been victims of relevant crimes during the one-year reference period. They are then asked a series of very detailed questions about the incidents they reported. Basic descriptive background information on respondents and their household(s) is collected to allow analysis of the sorts of people who do and do not become victims...
California’s very special approach to Three-Strikes Law
...The Three-Strikes law is a very strict law with a notion of putting to prison almost anyone with two previous criminal records for 25 years even if the offender stole a loaf of bread in the grocery store. It is a known fact that bad law has a price. The financial blowback from Three-Strikes laid waste to California’s already debt ridden budget. The price tag was $35,000 a year per inmate to maintain the more than 30,000 non-violent offenders in California prisons. This was passed on to California taxpayers at a rate of more than 1 billion dollars a year. And that figure got higher as more non-violent offenders were imprisoned...
Discuss the idea that capital punishment is only justified because criminals are permanently disabled of causing harm
...Advocates of the idea that punishment is ultimately justified by the fact that it is deserved and proportionate are primarily motivated by a hatred of criminals and wish to see them get what they deserve, as a result one may not be able to deviate from the view that a defence of capital punishment derives strongly on irrational arguments.
The justice model is often linked to retributive theories. Sentencing should be fair and not aim to achieve anything other than punishing offenders in proportion to the harm that hey have done. It emphasises fairness while retribution is often popularly distorted to support demands for vengeance or harsher sentences...
Impact of Restorative Justice on Victims of Crime
...Tony Marshall tried to explain the meaning of restorative justice in the following manner :‘Restorative justice is a process whereby parties with a stake in a specific offence collectively resolve how to deal with the aftermath of the offence and its implications for the future’, (Johnstone, 2002:164).
Conceptually, restorative justice sees crime as fundamentally a violation of people and interpersonal relationships, and the point of action is to seek to heal and put right the wrongs (Zehr, 1990: 52). The emphasis is on reparation of harm to the victims, addressing the offenders needs and competencies, and sending offenders a message of disapproval about the impact of the crime...