Medicine and healthcare
The Problem of AIDS in Africa
...HIV first emerged in Africa during the early 1970’s but did not garner much concern or attention until around the early 1990s when global health care communities and agencies became alarmed at the explosion in the incidence rate of infected individuals and as well, the related mortality rates that rapidly followed. Due to a high illiteracy prevalent in these countries, the efforts of local agencies in the health sector to educate inhabitants on the topic of AIDS failed miserably. Governmental officials took a passive stance and were persistent in their denials that the disease existed counter-arguing instead that AIDS was but a mere fiction, a fabrication on the part of global organizations to interfere with the politics and governing of its countries.
The combined illiteracy of locals and ineffectual or non-existent efforts of most African governments to intervene have contributed to the ease with which AIDS have continue its trajectory of infection throughout much of Africa. The disease progressed swiftly throughout the 52 countries of its mother continent to infect mothers and fathers, sons and daughters and, sisters and brothers. Tracking its way easily through the pathways of illiteracy, ineffectual health system, poverty and poor governmental intervention, AIDS infected (and killed) hundreds of thousands of the African population within a relatively short timeline...
...According to the National Autistic Society, Aspergers Syndrome is “a condition that affects the way a person communicates and relates to others” (http://www.nas.org.uk/nas/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=114 ). Those with Autism also tend to have other learning difficulties, but most tend share a problem of making sense of the world that they live in, they tend to take things literally and at face value, and have to be told and explained constantly about what things are and what they mean. There are three main areas that children with autism are affected by: Social interaction: have problems with strangers and gaining eye contact with these people.
Social Communication: they have problems in understanding peoples facial expressions when explaining things, and the tone of voice used in explanations. They also have problems with non-verbal and verbal communication in that they have difficulty in distinguishing between the meanings behind them and gestures which maybe used in non-verbal communication...
Disabled and Their Needs
...Disability is usually defined as “a loss or restriction of functional ability or activity as a result of body or mind”. (Oxford English Dictionary) As a result of a definition like this disability is seen as a problem.
It has been widely accepted that disabled people generally have fewer opportunities and a lower quality of life than non-disabled people. Any action taken to remove the disadvantage suffered by disabled people depends on what is believed to be the cause.
There are two main ideas of what causes the disadvantage namely:
• the medical (or individual) model of disability,
• the social model of disability.
The medical model sees the inability of disabled people to join in society as a direct result of the impairment and not the result of the features of our society which can be changed. When individuals such as managers think in this way they concentrate on ‘compensating’ them for what is ‘wrong’ with their bodies...
Discussion of Importance of Music Therapy
...Everyday, music serves us faithfully, playing an integral part of our public and private lives. It is vastly used in arenas of national importance (e.g. National anthems) and personal significance (e.g. wedding songs). In many normal applications it supports or transcends spoken word. It therefore cannot be seen as simply a vehicle for the emotions but also as a complex creation of the intellect.
Stravinsky wrote: ‘I know that twelve notes on each octave and varieties of rhythm offer me opportunities that all of human genius will never exhaust.’ He was making reference to the infinite musical possibilities that the basic ingredients, rhythm and pitch, coupled with ingenuity and inspiration afford to him or any other human. Music can now be appreciated as a diverse entity, just as man is a diverse and complicated being. Music therapists can combine spiritual and emotional aspects with structure and logic; they can link the artistic to the scientific and the intuitive to the intellectual...
Effects of Smoking on Human Health
...This paper is going to study the affects smoking has on young adults and what other changes it causes in human body.
If smoking is directly related to a decrease in pulmonary function, then people who smoke more than one pack a week or heavy smokers will show a dramatic difference in pulmonary measurements such as vital capacity (VC), functional residual capacity (FRC), forced vital capacity (FVC), and the ratio of forced expired volume in one second (FEV1) to forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC), Compared to mild-smokers (less than or equal to one pack of cigarettes per week) or non-smokers. These will be the hypotheses tested in this lab report. If smoking does in fact affect these pulmonary functions then there will be a noticeable difference in these values between the heavy smokers, mild-smokers, and non-smokers.
The expected results of these tests would be anticipated to yield a great difference in the pulmonary functions to be tested among the groups of individuals. Greater differences among these results should be present in the data for after exercise was preformed in the group of smokers...